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"Niccolo Machiavelli"
William Mortensen

An amazing example of pencil technique and costuming with simple fabrics. By hopping out the tone with the Abrasion Process, the cloud on the left was made to conform to the photographic cloud on the right. The narrow white collar and the string hanging from the hat were added as well (try covering the string to see how much it adds to the composition). Camera: Soho Reflex, 3 1/4 x 4 1/4. Lens: Goerz-Dagor, 7 inch. Exposure: about 1/2 second at f.8. Film: Eastman Verichrome, 1935. Camera distance: 5 feet. Film developer: Metol-Borax. Developing time: 2 hours. Paper for bromoil matrix: Defender Velour Black I. Print developer: Eastman D-64 B solution. Texture Matrix #2.

From Monsters & Madonnas, Camera Craft Publishing Co., San Francisco, 1935, and The Model (same publisher, p.155). George Dunham, model.

Robert Balcomb photograph of Mortensen original print.

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